Farm Guide VIC : 2010 - 2011
45 Plant biosecurity getting a healthy crop to market Biosecurity Most farmers find they have biosecurity or quarantine regulations to follow when moving their plant products overseas, interstate or within Victoria, but what's behind it all? Biosecurity is the protection of the economy, the environment, public amenity or human health from the entry or spread of pests and diseases or invasive plants and animals. It can apply at a national, state, district or far m level. The Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service is generally responsible for biosecurity relating to inter national imports and exports of agricultural and food products. In Victoria, the movement of plants, plant products and related equipment to and from other states, and between certain areas within the state, is regulated by the Department of Primary Industries (DPI). For plant industries, regulation is largely aimed at protecting or improving market access. Interstate and overseas trading partners need to be confident that pests of quarantine concern will not arrive in their state/ country with Victorian products, just as Victoria needs to minimise the risk of importing such pests in that way. Regulation of product movement is achieved by certification, inspection, auditing and industry accreditation. Under Victorian law, there are more than 140 plant pests and 180 plant diseases declared to be exotic. The detection of a ny of these could potentially result in restrictions on product movement. However, the pests of major quarantine concern in Victoria are Queensland fruit f ly, grape phylloxera and potato cyst nematode. Victoria has permanent control areas relating to these pests, designed to either keep the pest out of the area or prevent it spreading from within the area. Each has associated restrictions on the movement of host plants, plant products and related equipment in or out of the area. Fr uit f ly outbreaks in most parts of Victoria require temporary control zones to be in place while the outbreak is eradicated. Movement of host products from these zones is restricted during the eradication period. DPI conducts surveillance programs to demonstrate that Victoria or parts of the State are free of certain plant pests. More than five thousand fruit f ly traps are permanently in place around the state to enable continual monitoring and, as in other states, orchards, crops and nurseries are routinely sur veyed for exotic pests or diseases. These signs are available free of charge: contact Jim Moran on (03) 5430 4479.
2009 - 2010