Farm Guide VIC : 2010 - 2011
64 Farm Safety Off-label Use Off-label use refers to situations when a chemical is used in a manner that is not specified on the chemical's product label. Some categories of off-label use are restricted nationally, including when a chemical product is used at a higher rate or more frequently than is stated on the label, or contrary to any "DO NOT..." statements listed on the label. In these cases, a permit issued by the Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA) is necessary to legalise the use. The off-label use of veterinary chemicals must be authorised by a veterinary practitioner if used to treat cattle, sheep, pigs or poultry unless the dose rate is less than that stated on the label directions for that particular species and use. Note that other off-label use restrictions apply. ‘Restricted use’ chemicals cannot be used off-label unless DPI has issued a Section 25A per mit, authorising the off-label use. Off-label use is not recommended by DPI and is not included within a ma nufacturer's wa rranty. All aspects of off-label use are the user's responsibility, including efficacy, chemical residues in produce and the environment, environmental safety and occupational health and safety issues. Agricultural Chemical User Permit (ACUP) In Victoria, a person must hold a valid Agricultural Chemical User Permit (ACUP), or be working under the direct super vision (i.e. within sight and sound) of an ACUP holder to use agricultural chemical products that: • a re ‘restricted use’ chemicals • contain gaseous methyl bromide, chloropicrin or phosphine for fumigation • contain pindone concentrate for the preparation of poison baits • contain 1080 (sodium f luoroacetate) An ACUP is also required to purchase agricultural chemical products classified as ‘restricted supply’ chemicals by the APVMA, including pest animal poison baits, endosulfan and mevinphos. An ACUP is not required by people working under a Commercial Operator Licence or a Pilot Chemical Rating Licence issued by DPI, or a Pest Control Operator Licence issued by DHS, or who operate under a recognised quality assurance program. To apply for an ACUP, which is valid for 10 years from the date of issue, a person must successfully complete an accredited course in agricultural chemical use, such as ChemCert or SMART Train. No additional training is required to renew an ACUP. Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) The maximum residue limit (MRL) is the highest concentration of an agricultu ral or veterinary chemical residue allowed in food. Following the application rate and frequency, as well as applicable withholding period stated on the chemical product label is critical to ensuring the Australian MRL is not exceeded. The latest MRLs are available from the APVMA website, w w w.apv ma.gov.au and Food Standards Australian and New Zealand (FSANZ) website, www.foodstandards.gov.au. Following good agricultural practice (GAP) will ensure compliance with these levels. Note: MRLs of importing countries are often stricter than those set for Australia. Produce supplied to these markets must comply with the requirements of importing countries to ensure continued market access. Spray Drift and Off-target Damage It is an offence to undertake agricultural spraying that causes da mage to plants or stock outside of the target area, or that damages land outside the target area so that stock or agricultural produce grown on it would likely to be contaminated. Agricultural Chemical Control Areas (ACCAs) Nine Agricultural Chemical Control Areas (ACCAs) have been established in Victoria to protect herbicide sensitive and high value crops from da mage. The types of herbicides, their method of application and the periods in which the chemicals can be used are restricted in these areas. Further Information For further information on agvet chemical use in Victoria, including record keeping details and templates, application forms, ACCA maps and chemical use restrictions, contact the DPI Customer Ser vice Centre on 136 186 or visit w w w.dpi.vic.gov.au/chemicalstandards. Copies of the Regulations can be downloaded from the Victorian Legislation and Pa rliamentary Doc uments website at w w w.legislation.vic.gov.au.
2009 - 2010